Originally named as Santa María del Puerto del Príncipe it was one of the first seven villas founded by the Spanish and its name apparently comes from the aborigine chief Camaguebax.
The city, also known for its large earthenware jars (tinajones), rises up between the rivers of Tínima and Hatibonico. It boasts ancient dwellings and mansions over two centuries old.
The city also features religious constructions, among them the Cathedral, the churches of Carmen and Santa Ana, all forming part of the historical quarters that are declared a Heritage of Humanity.
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